Philip Johnson’s Roofless Church

420 North St., New Harmony, Indiana 47631

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Designed  by  world-renowned  architect,  Philip  Johnson,  the  Roofless  Church  was  completed  in  1960  in  the  Meis  Van  Der  Rohe  International  Style  with  a  postmodern  Johnsonian  interpretation.  It  is  an  exquisitely  proportioned  outdoor  room  with  objects  in  a  landscape.  It  is  a  brick-walled  space,  but  open  to  the  sky,  with  a  shingled  dome  structure  acting  as  the  focal  point  and  canopy  for  a  Jaques  Lipchitz  bronze  sculpture.  Lipchitz  also  created  the  monumental  entry  gate  and  doors.  The  patron  who  commissioned  this  structure  did  not  want  a  roof  on  the  church,  as  “all  religions  hold  the  heavens  in  common.”  Philip  Johnson’s  Roofless  Church  won  the  American  Institute  of  Architects  Gold  Medal  in  1960.

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