Philip Johnson’s Roofless Church
420 North St., New Harmony, Indiana 47631
Designed by world-renowned architect, Philip Johnson, the Roofless Church was completed in 1960 in the Meis Van Der Rohe International Style with a postmodern Johnsonian interpretation. It is an exquisitely proportioned outdoor room with objects in a landscape. It is a brick-walled space, but open to the sky, with a shingled dome structure acting as the focal point and canopy for a Jaques Lipchitz bronze sculpture. Lipchitz also created the monumental entry gate and doors. The patron who commissioned this structure did not want a roof on the church, as “all religions hold the heavens in common.” Philip Johnson’s Roofless Church won the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal in 1960.